Genomic sequencing of Thinopyrum elongatum chromosome arm 7EL, carrying fusarium head blight resistance, and characterization of its impact on the transcriptome of the introgressed line CS‑7EL

Konkin, D., Hsueh, Y-Ch., Kirzinger, M., Kubaláková, M., Haldar, A., Balcerzak, M., Han, F., Fedak, G., Doležel, J., Sharpe, A., Ouellet, T.
BMC GENOMICS 23: 228, 2022

Klíčová slova: Fusarium graminearum, Disease resistance, Thinopyrum elongatum, Triticum aestivum, Transcriptome, Alien introgression, RNA-seq, Non-coding RNA
Abstrakt: Background: The tall wheatgrass species Thinopyrum elongatum carries a strong fusarium head blight (FHB) resistance locus located on the long arm of chromosome 7 (7EL) as well as resistance to leaf and stem rusts, all diseases with a significant impact on wheat production. Towards understanding the contribution of Th. elongatum 7EL to improvement of disease resistance in wheat, the genomic sequence of the 7EL fragment present in the wheat Chinese Spring (CS) telosomic addition line CS-7EL was determined and the contribution and impact of 7EL on the rachis transcriptome during FHB infection was compared between CS and CS-7EL. Results: We assembled the Th. elongatum 7EL chromosome arm using a reference-guided approach. Combining this assembly with the available reference sequence for CS hexaploid wheat provided a reliable reference for interrogating the transcriptomic differences in response to infection conferred by the 7EL fragment. Comparison of the transcriptomes of rachis tissues from CS and CS-7EL showed expression of Th. elongatum transcripts as well as modulation of wheat transcript expression profiles in the CS-7EL line. Expression profiles at 4 days after infection with Fusarium graminearum, the causal agent of FHB, showed an increased in expression of genes associated with an effective defense response, in particular glucan endo-1,3-beta-glucosidases and chitinases, in the FHB-resistant line CS-7EL while there was a larger increase in differential expression for genes associated with the level of fungal infection in the FHB-susceptible line CS. One hundred and seven 7EL transcripts were expressed in the smallest 7EL region defined to carry FHB resistance. Conclusion: 7EL contributed to CS-7EL transcriptome by direct expression and through alteration of wheat transcript profiles. FHB resistance in CS-7EL was associated with transcriptome changes suggesting a more effective defense response. A list of candidate genes for the FHB resistance locus on 7EL has been established.
DOI: 10.1186/s12864-022-08433-8
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