Intranuclear accumulation of plant tubulin in response to low temperature

Schwarzerová, K.; Petrášek, Jan; Panigrahi, K.C.S.; Zelenková, S.; Opatrný, Z.; Nick, P.
PROTOPLASMA 227: 185-196, 2006

Klíčová slova: Tobacco Bright Yellow 2; Microtubule; Nucleus
Abstrakt: Concurrently with cold-induced disintegration of microtubular structures in the cytoplasm, gradual tubulin accumulation was observed in a progressively growing proportion of interphase nuclei in tobacco BY-2 cells. This intranuclear tubulin disappeared upon rewarming. Simultaneously, new micrombules rapidly emerged from the nuclear periphery and reconstituied new cortical arrays, as was shown by immunofluorescence. A rapid exclusion of tubulin from the nucleus during rewarming was also observed in vivo in cells expressing GFP-tubulin. Nuclei were purified from cells that expressed GFP fused to an endo-plastnic-reticulum retention signal (BY-2-mGFP5-ER), and green-fluorescent protein was used as a diagnostic marker to confirm that the nuclear fraction was not contaminated by nuclear-envelope proteins, These purified, GFP-free nuclei contained tubulin when isolated from cold-treated cells, whereas control nuclei were void of tubulin. Furthermore, highly conserved putative nuclear-export sequences were identified in tubulin sequences. These results led us to interpret the accumulation of tubulin in interphasic nuclei, as well as its rapid nuclear export, in the context of ancient intranuclear tubulin function during the cell cycle progression.
Autoři z ÚEB: Jan Petrášek