Involvement of phospholipases C and D in early response to SAR and ISR inducers in Brassica napus plants

Profotová, B.; Burketová, Lenka; Novotná, Z.; Martinec, Jan; Valentová, O.

Klíčová slova: Brassica napus; Induced resistance; Phospholipase C and D
Abstrakt: Phospholipid signaling is an important component in eukaryotic signal transduction pathways. In plants, it plays a key role in growth and development as well as in responses to environmental stresses, including pathogen attack. We investigated the involvement of both phospholipase C (PLC, EC and D (PLD, EC in early responses to the treatment of Brassica napus plants with the chemical inducers of systemic acquired resistance (SAR): salicylic acid (SA), benzothiadiazole (BTH), and with the inducer mediating the induced systemic resistance (ISR) pathway, methyl jasmonate (MeJA). Rapid activation (within 0.5–6 h treatment) of the in vitro activity level was found for phosphatidyl inositol 4,5 bisphosphate (PIP2)-specific PLC (PI-PLC) and three enzymatically different forms of PLD: conventional PLDα, PIP2-dependent PLD β/γ, and oleate-stimulated PLDδ. The strongest response was found in case of cytosolic PIP2-dependent PLD β/γ after BTH treatment. PLDδ was identified in B. napus leaves and was very rapidly activated after MeJA treatment with the highest degree of activation compared to the other PLD isoforms. Interestingly, an increase in the amount of protein was observed only for PLDγ and/or δ after ISR induction, but later than the activation occurred. These results show that phospholipases are involved in very early processes leading to systemic responses in plants and that they are most probably initially first activated on post translational level.
Autoři z ÚEB: Lenka Burketová, Jan Martinec