Paclitaxel conjugation with the analog of the gonadotropin-releasing hormone as a targeting moiety

Přibylová M., Dvořáková M., Hanušová V., Nemethová I., Skálová L., Vaněk T.

Klíčová slova: Paclitaxel; GnRH; Targeted drug delivery; Cancer
Abstrakt: A new targeted conjugates in which paclitaxel was used as a cytostatic compound and an analog of the gonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRH) as a targeting moiety were synthesized. The molecule of the peptide hormone GnRH was modified to allow its connection to paclitaxel via spacer. The conjugates were prepared as prodrugs using 2′-hydroxyl group of paclitaxel. 4-Maleimidobutyric acid and chloroacetic acid served as spacers. The structures of the prepared derivatives were analysed by NMR and HR-MS. The conjugates MP264 and MP265 were chosen and their antiproliferative effect was tested in the breast cancer cell line MCF-7 using the MTT test of cell viability and neutral red uptake test. In MCF-7 cells, conjugate MP265 showed higher antiproliferative effect than paclitaxel alone. Receptor saturation tests showed that the unconjugated peptide analog of GnRH decreased efficacy of conjugate MP265 in concentration- and time-dependent manner. In conclusion, the paclitaxel conjugate with the analog of GnRH exhibited targeted antiproliferative effect for which its further testing will be implemented.
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