Senescence progression in a single darkened cotyledon depends on the light status of the other cotyledon in Cucurbita pepo (zucchini) seedlings: potential involvement of cytokinins and cytokinin oxidase/dehydrogenase activity

Ananieva K., Ananiev E., Doncheva S., Grigorieva K., Tzvetkova N., Kamínek M., Motyka V., Dobrev P., Gajdošová S., Malbeck J.
PHYSIOLOGIA PLANTARUM 134: 609-623, 2008

Klíčová slova: senescence, cotyledon, chloroplast, photosynthesis, cytokinins, cytokininoxidase/dehydrogenase
Abstrakt: Darkness mediates different senescence-related responses depending on the targeting of dark treatment (whole plants or individual leaves) and on the organs that perceive the signal (leaves or cotyledons). As no data are available on the potential role of darkness to promote senescence when applied to individual cotyledons, we have investigated how darkness affects the progression of senescence in either a single or both individually darkened cotyledons of young 10-day-old Cucurbita pepo (zucchini) seedlings. Strong acceleration of senescence was observed when both cotyledons were darkened as judged by the damage in their anatomical structure, deterioration of chloroplast ultrastructure in parallel with decreased photosynthetic rate and photochemical quantum efficiency of photosystem II (PSII). In addition, the endogenous levels of cytokinins (CKs) and indole-3-acetic acid (IAA) were strongly reduced. In a single individually darkened cotyledon the structure and function of the photosynthetic apparatus as well as the contents of endogenous CKs and IAA were much less affected by darkness, thus suggesting inhibitory effect of the illuminated cotyledon on the senescence of the darkened one. Apparently the effect of darkness to accelerate/delay senescence in a single darkened cotyledon depends on the light status of the other cotyledon from the pair. The close positive correlation between CK content and the activity of cytokinin oxidase/dehydrogenase (CKX, EC suggested that CKX was essentially involved in the mechanisms of down-regulation of endogenous CK levels. Our results indicated that CKX-regulated CK signaling could be a possible regulatory mechanism controlling senescence in individually darkened cotyledons.
Autoři z ÚEB: Petre I. Dobrev, Miroslav Kamínek, Jiří Malbeck, Václav Motyka