Anti-inflammatory Activity of Natural Geranylated Flavonoids: Cyclooxygenase and Lipoxygenase Inhibitory Properties and Proteomic Analysis

Hanáková Z., Hošek J., Kutil Z., Temml V., Landa P., Vaněk T., Schuster D., Dall'Acqua S., Cvačka J., Polanský O., Šmejkal K.

Abstract: Geranyl flavones have been studied as compounds that potentially can be developed as anti-inflammatory agents. A series of natural geranylated flavanones was isolated from Paulownia tomentosa fruits, and these compounds were studied for their anti-inflammatory activity and possible mechanism of action. Two new compounds were characterized [paulownione C (17) and tomentodiplacone O (20)], and all of the isolated derivatives were assayed for their ability to inhibit cyclooxygenases (COX-1 and COX-2) and 5-lipoxygenase (5-LOX). The compounds tested showed variable degrees of activity, with several of them showing activity comparable to or greater than the standards used in COX-1, COX-2, and 5-LOX assays. However, only the compound tomentodiplacone O (20) showed more selectivity against COX-2 versus COX-1 when compared with ibuprofen. The ability of the test compounds to interact with the above-mentioned enzymes was supported by docking studies, which revealed the possible incorporation of selected test substances into the active sites of these enzymes. Furthermore, one of the COX/LOX dual inhibitors, diplacone (14) (a major geranylated flavanone of P. tomentosa), was studied in vitro to obtain a proteomic overview of its effect on inflammation in LPS-treated THP-1 macrophages, supporting its previously observed anti-inflammatory activity and revealing the mechanism of its anti-inflammatory effect.
DOI: 10.1021/acs.jnatprod.6b01011
IEB authors: Přemysl Landa, Tomáš Vaněk, bývalý zaměstnanec