Effect of 24-epibrassinolide on Brassica napus alternative respiratory pathway, guard cells movements and phospholipid signaling under salt stress

Derevyanchuk M., Kretynin S., Iakovenko O., Litvinovskaya R., Zhabinskii V., Martinec J., Blume Y., Khripach V., Kravets V.
STEROIDS 117: 16-24, 2017

Keywords: Brassinosteroids, Alternative oxidase, Salinity, Brassica napus, Stomata cells, Diacylglycerol
Abstract: Using Brassica napus roots we observed statistically significant increase in alternative respiratory pathway in response to exogenous 24-epibrassinolide (EBL) under optimal conditions and salinity. Also we observed activation of phospholipid signaling under the same conditions in response to EBL by measuring levels of lipid second messengers – diacylglycerol (DAG) and phosphatidic acid (PA). We found that brassinosteroids cause closure of stomata in isolated leaf disks while inhibitors of alternative oxidase cancelled these effects. This study demonstrates that BRs activate total respiration rate, alternative respiratory pathway, production of PA and DAG, stimulate stomata closure and growth under optimal conditions and salinity. Also, specific inhibitor of brassinosteroids biosynthesis decreased alternative respiratory pathway and production of lipid messengers in rape plants.
DOI: 10.1016/j.steroids.2016.11.006
IEB authors: Oksana Iakovenko, Jan Martinec