Phytoremediation of pharmaceuticals – preliminary study

Kotyza J., Soudek P., Kafka Z., Vaněk T.

Keywords: acetaminophen, diclofenac, ibuprofen, paracetamol, pharmaceuticals, phytoremediation, waste waters
Abstract: Phytoremediation of selected pharmaceuticals (diclofenac, ibuprofen and acetaminophen) using Armoracia rusticana and Linum utissitatum cell cultures and by hydroponicaly cultivated Lupinus albus, Hordeum vulgaris and Phragmites australis plants in laboratory conditions is described. During in vitro experiments best results for acetaminophen was achieved using Armoracia rusticana hairy root cultures where 100% of starting amount was removed from the media during 8 days. Total removal of diclofenac and ibuprofen was achieved using Linum utissitatum suspension culture after 6 and 1 day respectively. In hydroponic arrangement the best results were achieved for Lupinus, where acetaminophen was totally removed from media during two or four days in concentrations of 0.1 or 0.2 mM respectively. The best effectiveness of ibuprofen removal (50% of starting amount) was found in case of Pragmites. Effectiveness of all tested plants for diclofenac removal was low. The best removal was achieved using Phragmites in the case of 0.2 mM concentration – 67% of the starting amount and Hordeum for 0.1mM starting concentration – 56%.
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IEB authors: Petr Soudek, Tomáš Vaněk