Quantitative analysis of cytokinins in plants by liquid chromatography single-quadrupole mass spectrometry

Novák, Ondřej; Tarkowski, Petr; Tarkowská, Danuše; Doležal, Karel; Lenobel, René; Strnad, Miroslav
ANALYTICA CHIMICA ACTA 480 [2]: 207-218, 2003

Keywords: Liquid chromatography mass spectrometry; Cytokinins
Abstract: A sensitive method for the quantitative analysis of all natural isoprenoid cytokinins in plant material by electrospray single-quadrupole mass spectrometry is presented. A baseline chromatographic separation of 20 non-derivatised naturally occurring cytokinins has been developed. Precise analyses of O-glucoside and ribonucleotide fractions were also performed by the high-performance liquid chromatography mass spectrometry (HPLC MS) but run separately from the basic cytokinin metabolites. Using post-column splitting, the flux from narrow-bore (2.1 mm i.d.) reversed-phase liquid chromatography column was simultaneously introduced into the diode array and mass detector. Optimal conditions, including final flow rate, desolvation temperature, desolvation gas flow, capillary and cone voltage for effective ionisation in the electrospray ion source were found. When low cone voltage (20 V) was applied, all studied cytokinins were determined in aqueous methanol as dominant quasi-molecular ions of [M+H]+ with limits of detection ranging between 10 and 50 fmol. For routine analysis a linearity range between 25 (75) fmol and 100 pmol was obtained. Developed liquid chromatographyůmass spectrometry (LC MS) method in selective ion monitoring mode was employed to quantify cytokinin species in tobacco BY-2 suspension culture and poplar leaves (Populus canadensis Moench, cv Robusta).
IEB authors: René Lenobel, Ondřej Novák, Miroslav Strnad, Danuše Tarkowská