137Cs and 90Sr uptake by sunflower cultivated under hydroponic condition

Soudek P., Valenová Š., Vavříková Z., Vaněk T.

Keywords: Radiocaesium; Radiostrontium; Calcium; Potassium; Ammonium; Helianthus annuus; Phytoremediation
Abstract: The 90Sr and 137Cs uptake by the plant Helianthus annuus L. was studied during cultivation in a hydroponic medium. The accumulation of radioactivity in plants was measured after 2, 4, 8, 16 and 32 days of cultivation. About 12% of 137Cs and 20% of 90Sr accumulated during the experiments. We did not find any differences between the uptake of radioactive and stable caesium and strontium isotopes. Radioactivity distribution within the plant was determined by autoradiography. 137Cs was present mainly in nodal segments, leaf veins and young leaves. High activity of 90Sr was localized in leaf veins, stem, central root and stomata. The influence of stable elements or analogues on the transfer behaviour was investigated. The percentage of non-active caesium and strontium concentration in plants decreased with the increasing initial concentration of Cs or Sr in the medium. The percentage of 90Sr activity in plants decreased with increasing initial activity of the nuclide in the medium, but the activity of 137Cs in plants increased. The influence of K+ and NH4+ on the uptake of 137Cs and the influence of Ca2+ on the uptake of 90Sr was tested. The highest accumulation of 137Cs (24–27% of the initial activity of 137Cs) was found in the presence of 10 mM potassium and 12 mM ammonium ions. Accumulation of about 22% of initial activity of 90Sr was determined in plants grown on the medium with 8 mM calcium ions.
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IEB authors: Šárka Petrová, Petr Soudek, Tomáš Vaněk