Aluminum ions alter the function of non-specific phospholipase C through the changes in plasma membrane physical properties

Pejchar P., Martinec J.

Keywords: aluminum toxicity, Arabidopsis thaliana, benzyl alcohol, BODIPY, diacylglycerol, membrane fluidity, non-specific phospholipase C
Abstract: The first indication of the aluminum (Al) toxicity in plants growing in acidic soils is the cessation of root growth, but the detailed mechanism of Al effect is unknown. Here we examined the impact of Al stress on the activity of nonspecific phospholipase C (NPC) in the connection with the processes related to the plasma membrane using fluorescently labeled phosphatidylcholine. We observed a rapid and significant decrease of labeled diacylglycerol (DAG), product of NPC activity, in Arabidopsis seedlings treated with AlCl3. Interestingly, an application of the membrane fluidizer, benzyl alcohol, restored the level of DAG during Al treatment. Our observations suggest that the activity of NPC is affected by Al-induced changes in plasma membrane physical properties.
IEB authors: Jan Martinec