Inhibition of in vitro leukotriene B4 biosynthesis in human neutrophil granulocytes and docking studies of natural quinones

Landa P., Kutil Z., Temml V., Malík J., Kokoška L., Widowitz U., Přibylová M., Dvořáková M., Maršík P., Schuster D., Bauer R., Vaněk T.

Keywords: 5-Lipoxygenase, Anti-inflammatory activity, Dual COX/LOX inhibition, Natural compounds, Molecular docking
Abstract: Quinones are compounds frequently contained in medicinal plants used for the treatment of inflammatory diseases. Therefore, the impact of plant-derived quinones on the arachidonic acid metabolic pathway is worthy of investigation. In this study, twenty-three quinone compounds of plant origin were tested in vitro for their potential to inhibit leukotriene B4 (LTB4) biosynthesis in activated human neutrophil granulocytes with 5-lipoxygenase (5-LOX) activity. The benzoquinones primin (3) and thymohydroquinone (4) (IC50 = 4.0 and 4.1 μM, respectively) showed activity comparable with the reference inhibitor zileuton (IC50 = 4.1 μM). Moderate activity was observed for the benzoquinone thymoquinone (2) (IC50 = 18.2 μM) and the naphthoquinone shikonin (1) (IC50 = 24.3 μM). The anthraquinone emodin and the naphthoquinone plumbagin (5) displayed only weak activities (IC50 > 50 μM). The binding modes of the active compounds were further evaluated in silico by molecular docking to the human 5-LOX crystal structure. This process supports the biological data and suggested that, although the redox potential is responsible for the quinone’s activity on multiple targets, in the case of 5-LOX the molecular structure plays a vital role in the inhibition. The obtained results suggest primin as a promising compound for the development of dual COX-2/5-LOX inhibitors.
IEB authors: Marcela Dvořáková, Přemysl Landa, Petr Maršík, Marie Kvasnicová, Tomáš Vaněk, bývalý zaměstnanec