The novel brassinosteroid analog BR4848 inhibits angiogenesis in human endothelial cells and induces apoptosis in human cancer cells in vitro

Rárová L., Sedlák D., Oklestkova J., Steigerová J., Liebl J., Zahler S., Bartůněk P., Kolář Z.,Kohout L., Kvasnica M.,Strnad M.

Keywords: Brassinosteroid analog, Huvec, apoptosis, cancer cell line,
Abstract: We report the synthesis and detailed biological study of the synthetic brassinosteroid analog 2α,3α-dihydroxy-6- oxo-5α-androstan-17β-yl N-(tert-butoxycarbonyl)-D,L-valinate (BR4848). The panel of cancer cell lines was used for characterization of its antiproliferative activity, yet had no adverse effects in normal human fibroblasts. In HeLa cells, BR4848-induced apoptosis was accompanied by increase of apoptotic subG1 cells, PARP-1 and caspase-7 fragmentation, downregulation of Bcl-2 and Mcl-1, an increase in caspase activity and G2/M phase cell cycle arrest. Antiproliferative properties of BR4848 were exhibited by inhibition of phosphorylation of Akt, Erk1/2 and FAK. Furthermore, the developed analog exhibited in vitro antiangiogenic activity in human umbilical vein endothelial cells (HUVECs). BR4848-induced apoptosis accompanied with G2/M arrest was detected in endothelial cells. BR4848 also inhibited adhesion, tube formation and migration of endothelial cells by inhibition of FAK, Erk 1/2, CDK5, VEGFR2, TNFα-stimulated production of IL-6, angiopoietin-2 and Jagged1. Finally, BR4848 did not modulate the activity nor nuclear translocation of any of the steroid receptors (ERα, ERβ, AR, MR and PR) included in reporter cell-based assays, which excludes the genomic activity of steroid receptors as a contributing factor to the observed biological activities of BR4848.
DOI: 10.1016/j.jsbmb.2018.01.005
IEB authors: Miroslav Kvasnica, Jana Oklešťková, Miroslav Strnad