Wheat Pm55 alleles exhibit distinct interactions with an inhibitor to cause different powdery mildew resistance

Lu Ch., Du J., Chen H., Gong S., Jin Y., Meng X., Zhang T., Fu B., Molnár I., Holušová K., Said M., Xing L., Kong L., Doležel J., Li G., Wu J., Chen P., Cao A., Zhang R.

Abstract: Powdery mildew poses a significant threat to wheat crops worldwide, emphasizing the need for durable disease control strategies. The wheat- Dasypyrum villosum T5AL·5 V#4 S and T5DL·5 V#4 S translocation lines carrying powdery mildew resistant gene Pm55 shows developmental-stage and tissue-specific resistance, whereas T5DL·5 V#5 S line carrying Pm5V confers resistance at all stages. Here, we clone Pm55 and Pm5V, and reveal that they are allelic and renamed as Pm55a and Pm55b, respectively. The two Pm55 alleles encode coiled-coil, nucleotide-binding site-leucine-rich repeat (CNL) proteins, conferring broad-spectrum resistance to powdery mildew. However, they interact differently with a linked inhibitor gene, SuPm55 to cause different resistance to wheat powdery mildew. Notably, Pm55 and SuPm55 encode unrelated CNL proteins, and the inactivation of SuPm55 significantly reduces plant fitness. Combining SuPm55/Pm55a and Pm55b in wheat does not result in allele suppression or yield penalty. Our results provide not only insights into the suppression of resistance in wheat, but also a strategy for breeding durable resistance.
DOI: 10.1038/s41467-024-44796-0
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IEB authors: Jaroslav Doležel, Kateřina Holušová, Istvan Molnar, Mahmoud Said