Chitinase isozymes induced by TYMV and Leptosphaeria maculans during compatible and incompatible interaction with Brassica napus

Profotová, B.; Burketová, Lenka; Valentová, O.
BIOLOGIA PLANTARUM 51 [3]: 507-513, 2007

Keywords: Chitinase; TYMV; Leptosphaeria maculans; Brassica napus; PR-proteins
Abstract: Accumulation of extracellular chitinases in Brassica napus plants infected with Turnip yellow mosaic virus (TYMV) and fungal pathogen Leptosphaeria maculans was studied in both compatible and incompatible interaction. Analysis of apoplast fluid by means of non-denaturing anodic and cathodic PAGE followed by in-gel detection of chitinase activity revealed a number of chitinase isozymes. TYMV induced 8 acidic and 4 basic isozymes in a systemic way. Except for one acidic and one basic isozyme, all other chitinases were also constitutively present in low amounts in mock inoculated control. In TYMV systemically infected plants, chitinases were detected in leaves expressing symptoms as well as in symptomless ones. Both virulent and avirulent L. maculans isolates induced production of chitinase isozymes in cotyledons in a time dependent manner. Some of them were present in plants constitutively and their content increased after inoculation. Three of five acidic and two of three basic isozymes responded to L. maculans infection. Chitinases started to accumulate before symptom appearance. First two acidic isozymes were detected 24 h after inoculation. The difference between compatible and incompatibe interaction reflected two basic isozymes.
IEB authors: Lenka Burketová