The high concentrations of abscisic, jasmonic, and salicylic acids produced under long days do not accelerate flowering in Chenopodium ficifolium 459

Gutierrez-Larruscain D., Krüger M., Abeyawardana O. A. J., Belz C., Dobrev P. I., Vaňková R., Eliášová K., Vondráková Z., Juříček M., Štorchová H.
PLANT SCIENCE 320: 111279, 2022

Keywords: Flowering, Chenopodium ficifolium, Transcriptome, Abscisic acid, Jasmonic acid, Salicylic acid
Abstract: The survival and adaptation of angiosperms depend on the proper timing of flowering. The weedy species Chenopodium ficifolium serves as a useful diploid model for comparing the transition to flowering with the important tetraploid crop Chenopodium quinoa due to the close phylogenetic relationship. The detailed transcriptomic and hormonomic study of the floral induction was performed in the short-day accession C. ficifolium 459. The plants grew more rapidly under long days but flowered later than under short days. The high levels of abscisic, jasmonic, and salicylic acids at long days were accompanied by the elevated expression of the genes responding to oxidative stress. The increased concentrations of stress-related phytohormones neither inhibited the plant growth nor accelerated flowering in C. ficifolium 459 at long photoperiods. Enhanced content of cytokinins and the stimulation of cytokinin and gibberellic acid signaling pathways under short days may indicate the possible participation of these phytohormones in floral initiation. The accumulation of auxin metabolites suggests the presence of a dynamic regulatory network in C. ficifolium 459.
DOI: 10.1016/j.plantsci.2022.111279 IEB authors: Oushadee Abeyawar..., Claudia Belz, Petre I. Dobrev, Kateřina Eliášová, David Gutierrez-L..., Miloslav Juříček, Manuela Krüger, Helena Štorchová, Radomíra Vanková, Zuzana Vondráková