Laboratory of Hormonal Regulations in Plants
We are a medium-sized laboratory consisting of nine scientists and a varying number of under- and post-graduate students. Our research is focused on the metabolic regulation of intracellular and extracellular cytokinin and auxin levels and the mechanisms regulating the uptake and secretion of these phytohormones.
Our studies embrace intact plants, plant cell suspensions and tissue cultures expressing specific genes involved in the metabolism, transport and signaling by cytokinins and auxins, including genes encoding isopentenyltransferase, cytokinin oxidase/dehydrogenase, zeatin-O-glucosyltransferase, auxin binding protein 1 and auxin influx and efflux carriers.
Attention is also paid to development of new methods for analysis of phytohormones (auxins, cytokinins, abscisic acid, and ethylene precursor), as well as the potential exploitation of research results for improvement of productivity of selected crop plants.
With pleasure, we organize the international symposium Auxins and Cytokinins in Plant Development. Last ACPD was held in 2014 and the next one will take place in 2018.
Group of auxin transport (Head: Jan Petrášek)
Plant hormone auxin is a key regulator of many developmental processes in plants. It plays a major role in control of temporal and spatial aspects of plant growth and, as such, it co-ordinates plant development. In contrast to other plant growth regulators (plant hormones), in some tissues auxin molecules are transported to long distances through plant body and their transport is directional (polar).
Mechanism of the polar auxin transport is based on physical-chemical properties of auxin molecules and on their molecular forms inside and outside cells. It is a very complex and dynamic process with many levels of regulation. More…
Group of metabolism and physiological function of cytokinins (Head: Václav Motyka)
Cytokinins are naturally occurring phytohormones that act in concert with auxins to regulate cell division and differentiation and thus efficiently control plant growth and development. Transient enhancement of auxin in relation to cytokinin levels induces root formation while the opposite shift results in shoot formation. Re-establishment of the two hormone quantitative ratios (hormonal homeostasis) is essential for further development of induced events.
Endogenous levels of bioactive cytokinins and their mode of action in plants are regulated at different levels and by various mechanisms concerning biosynthesis, metabolic conversions, inactivation and degradation as well as signalling pathways and transport. More…
Group of the role of phytohormones in the interaction with environment (Head: Radka Vaňková)
Plants have evolved complex systems of defence against, and adaption to, the variable and often potentially damaging environmental conditions to which they are exposed during their growth and development. Due to their sessile character, plants need to respond very dynamically to various abiotic (drought, extreme temperatures, high light intensity) as well as biotic stresses (pest and pathogen attacks).
Drought belongs to the most frequent abiotic stresses. Plants cope with water stress by preferential protection of upper leaves and apex. Gradual degradation of macromolecules takes place in lower leaves, nutrients being transported to upper leaves. Plant hormones cytokinins increase the sink strength. More…
Group of mathematical modelling (Head: Klára Hoyerová)
Our laboratory uses mathematical modelling approach to unravel regulatory mechanisms of polar auxin flow in plants.
Nowadays, mathematical modelling is used as a tool for studying auxin transport more and more often. Present models are sometimes excessively simplified and/or do not reflect the structure of the real system properly. We have focused on construction of a detailed model of auxin transport mechanisms in plant cells using experimental data to analyse particular transport mechanism separately (an analytical-synthetic approach). These data include measurements of accumulation kinetics of radiolabeled auxins in cell suspensions and HPLC analysis of radiolabeled auxin metabolism, which has both provided valuable information about auxin transport properties at cellular level. More...
Analytical unit (Head: Petr Dobrev)
The analytical unit of our laboratory works on improving of existing and developing of new analytical procedures for purification, quantitation and metabolic profiling of plant hormones and some other bioactive substances of plant origin. More…
head of the laboratorysenior scientist
- RNDr. Jan Petrášek Ph.D.
- Mgr. Sylva Přerostová
graduated technical assistant
- Inactivation of cytokinin-type phytohormones via N- and O-glucosylation – phylogeny and significance in evolution of hormonal homeostatic mechanisms , GA ČR , Václav Motyka
- The role of auxin binding protein 1-mediated signaling in the control of vesicle trafficking in plant cells , GA ČR , Milada Čovanová
- Auxin transport and cytoskeleton in the morphogenesis of plant cells , GA ČR , Jan Petrášek
- Integrating proteomic and genomic tools to contribute evolutionary processes across the plant kingdom with emphasis to the family of cytokinins , GA ČR , Václav Motyka
- Propojení proteomických a genomických přístupů při objasňování evolučních procesů napříč rostlinnou říší s důrazem na rodinu cytokininů , GA ČR , Václav Motyka
- The role of cytokinins and polyamines in heat stress response and thermotolerance in tobacco and Arabidopsis plants , GA ČR , Radomíra Vanková
- Alternative ways regulating intra- and extracellular concentrations and activities of isoprenoid cytokinins in plants , GA AV , Václav Motyka
- The role of members of AUX/LAX gene family in auxin influx into plant cell. , GA AV , Klára Hoyerová
- PLANT PHYSIOLOGY 173 552-565 2017 (External fulltext)
- JOURNAL OF HAZARDOUS MATERIALS 325 163–169 2017
- SCIENCE OF THE TOTAL ENVIRONMENT 593-594 535-542 2017
- INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF PHYTOREMEDIATION 19(8) 695–700 2017
- ANNALS OF BOTANY 119 151-166 2017 Fulltext: PDF link on intranet only
Phytohormone profiling in relation to osmotic adjustment in NaCl-treated plants of the halophyte tomato wild relative species Solanum chilense comparatively to the cultivated glycophyte Solanum lycopersicumPLANT SCIENCE 258 77-89 2017 Fulltext: PDF link on intranet only
- PLANT PHYSIOLOGY 172 874–888 2016 (External fulltext)
- PROTOPLASMA 253 1391–1404 2016 (External fulltext)
PIN6 auxin transporter at endoplasmic reticulum and plasma membrane mediates auxin homeostasis and organogenesis in ArabidopsisNEW PHYTOLOGIST 211 65-74 2016 (External fulltext)
7-Rhamnosylated Flavonols Modulate Homeostasis of the Plant Hormone Auxin and Affect Plant DevelopmentJOURNAL OF BIOLOGICAL CHEMISTRY 291 5385-5395 2016 (External fulltext)