Laboratory of Hormonal Regulations in Plants

Contacts
Group head: 
Jan Petrášek
Centre: 
Lysolaje
Address: 
Rozvojová 263, 165 02 Praha 6 - Lysolaje
Email: 
petrasekatueb [dot] cas [dot] cz
Phone: 
+420 225 106 429
Fax: 
+420 225 106 456

About us

We are a medium-sized laboratory consisting of nine scientists and a varying number of under- and post-graduate students. Our research is focused on the metabolic regulation of intracellular and extracellular cytokinin and auxin levels and the mechanisms regulating the uptake and secretion of these phytohormones.

February 2017

Our studies embrace intact plants, plant cell suspensions and tissue cultures expressing specific genes involved in the metabolism, transport and signaling by cytokinins and auxins, including genes encoding isopentenyltransferase, cytokinin oxidase/dehydrogenase, zeatin-O-glucosyltransferase, auxin binding protein 1 and auxin influx and efflux carriers.

Attention is also paid to development of new methods for analysis of phytohormones (auxins, cytokinins, abscisic acid, and ethylene precursor), as well as the potential exploitation of research results for improvement of productivity of selected crop plants.

With pleasure, we organize the international symposium Auxins and Cytokinins in Plant Development. Last ACPD was held in 2014 and the next one will take place in 2018.

Group of auxin transport (Head: Jan Petrášek)

Effect of NPA on auxin transportOur laboratory focuses on the molecular mechanism of polar auxin transport and on the ways of its regulation.

Plant hormone auxin is a key regulator of many developmental processes in plants. It plays a major role in control of temporal and spatial aspects of plant growth and, as such, it co-ordinates plant development. In contrast to other plant growth regulators (plant hormones), in some tissues auxin molecules are transported to long distances through plant body and their transport is directional (polar).

Mechanism of the polar auxin transport is based on physical-chemical properties of auxin molecules and on their molecular forms inside and outside cells. It is a very complex and dynamic process with many levels of regulation. More…

Group of metabolism and physiological function of cytokinins (Head: Václav Motyka)

Working hypothesisOur laboratory is engaged in the research of cytokinins, i.e. plant hormones that regulate cell division and differentiation and thus efficiently control plant growth and development.

Cytokinins are naturally occurring phytohormones that act in concert with auxins to regulate cell division and differentiation and thus efficiently control plant growth and development. Transient enhancement of auxin in relation to cytokinin levels induces root formation while the opposite shift results in shoot formation. Re-establishment of the two hormone quantitative ratios (hormonal homeostasis) is essential for further development of induced events.

Endogenous levels of bioactive cytokinins and their mode of action in plants are regulated at different levels and by various mechanisms concerning biosynthesis, metabolic conversions, inactivation and degradation as well as signalling pathways and transport. More…

Group of the role of phytohormones in the interaction with environment (Head: Radka Vaňková)

Gradient of cytokinins under drought stressOur laboratory focuses on the elucidation of plant defence mechanisms, with the aim to contribute to the development of effective strategies to enhance stress tolerance of plants.

Plants have evolved complex systems of defence against, and adaption to, the variable and often potentially damaging environmental conditions to which they are exposed during their growth and development. Due to their sessile character, plants need to respond very dynamically to various abiotic (drought, extreme temperatures, high light intensity) as well as biotic stresses (pest and pathogen attacks).

Drought belongs to the most frequent abiotic stresses. Plants cope with water stress by preferential protection of upper leaves and apex. Gradual degradation of macromolecules takes place in lower leaves, nutrients being transported to upper leaves. Plant hormones cytokinins increase the sink strength. More…

Group of mathematical modelling (Head: Klára Hoyerová)

Our laboratory uses mathematical modelling approach to unravel regulatory mechanisms of polar auxin flow in plants.

Nowadays, mathematical modelling is used as a tool for studying auxin transport more and more often. Present models are sometimes excessively simplified and/or do not reflect the structure of the real system properly. We have focused on construction of a detailed model of auxin transport mechanisms in plant cells using experimental data to analyse particular transport mechanism separately (an analytical-synthetic approach). These data include measurements of accumulation kinetics of radiolabeled auxins in cell suspensions and HPLC analysis of radiolabeled auxin metabolism, which has both provided valuable information about auxin transport properties at cellular level. More...

Analytical unit (Head: Petr Dobrev)

Metabolic profileThe analytical unit of our laboratory works on improving of existing and developing of new analytical procedures for purification, quantitation and metabolic profiling of plant hormones and some other bioactive substances of plant origin. More…

Workers: 

head of the laboratory
senior scientist

senior scientist

scientist

scientific assistant

assistant

postdoc

postgraduate student

student

Publications: 
Number of publications: 229

2017

2016