Multiple horizontal transfers of nuclear ribosomal genes between phylogenetically distinct grass lineages

Mahelka, V., Krak, K., Kopecký, D., Fehrer, J., Šafář, J., Bartoš, J., Hobza, R., Blavet, N., Blattner, F.R.

Klíčová slova: Hordeum; Triticeae; Panicoideae; transposable elements; horizontal gene transfer
Abstrakt: The movement of nuclear DNA from one vascular plant species to another in the absence of fertilization is thought to be rare. Here, nonnative rRNA gene [ribosomal DNA (rDNA)] copies were identified in a set of 16 diploid barley (Hordeum) species; their origin was traceable via their internal transcribed spacer (ITS) sequence to five distinct Panicoideae genera, a lineage that split from the Pooideae about 60 Mya. Phylogenetic, cytogenetic, and genomic analyses implied that the nonnative sequences were acquired between 1 and 5 Mya after a series of multiple events, with the result that some current Hordeum sp. individuals harbor up to five different panicoid rDNA units in addition to the native Hordeum rDNA copies. There was no evidence that any of the nonnative rDNA units were transcribed; some showed indications of having been silenced via pseudogenization. A single copy of a Panicum sp. rDNA unit present in H. bogdanii had been interrupted by a native transposable element and was surrounded by about 70 kbp of mostly noncoding sequence of panicoid origin. The data suggest that horizontal gene transfer between vascular plants is not a rare event, that it is not necessarily restricted to one or a few genes only, and that it can be selectively neutral.
DOI: 10.1073/pnas.1613375114
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Autoři z ÚEB: Jan Bartoš, Nicolas Blavet, Roman Hobza, David Kopecky, Jan Šafář