Arsenic accumulation and speciation in two cultivars of Pteris cretica L. and characterization of arsenate reductase PcACR2 and arsenite transporter PcACR3 genes in the hyperaccumulating cv. Albo-lineata

Popov M., Zemanová V., Sácký J., Pavlík M., Leonhardt T., Matoušek T., Kaňa A., Pavlíková D., Kotrba P.

Klíčová slova:
Abstrakt: Pollution and poisoning with carcinogenic arsenic (As) is of major concern globally. Interestingly, there are ferns that can naturally tolerate remarkably high As concentrations in soils while hyperaccumulating this metalloid in their fronds. Besides Pteris vittata in which As-related traits and molecular determinants have been studied in detail, the As hyperaccumulation status has been attributed also to Pteris cretica. We thus inspected two P. cretica cultivars, Parkerii and Albo-lineata, for As hyperaccumulation traits. The cultivars were grown in soils supplemented with 20, 100, and 250 mg kg−1 of inorganic arsenate (iAsV). Unlike Parkerii, Albo-lineata was confirmed to be As tolerant and hyperaccumulating, with up to 1.3 and 6.4 g As kg−1 dry weight in roots and fronds, respectively, from soils amended with 250 mg iAsV kg−1. As speciation analyses rejected that organoarsenical species and binding with phytochelatins and other proteinaceous ligands would play any significant role in the biology of As in either cultivar. While in Parkerii, the dominating As species, particularly in roots, occurred as iAsV, in Albo-lineata the majority of the root and frond As was apparently converted to iAsIII. Parkerii markedly accumulated iAsIII in its fronds when grown on As spiked soils. Considering the roles iAsV reductase ACR2 and iAsIII transporter ACR3 may have in the handling of iAs, we isolated Albo-lineata PcACR2 and PcACR3 genes closely related to P. vittata PvACR2 and PvACR3. The gene expression analysis in Albo-lineata fronds revealed that the transcription of PcACR2 and PcACR3 was clearly As responsive (up to 6.5- and 45-times increase in transcript levels compared to control soil conditions, respectively). The tolerance and uptake assays in yeasts showed that PcACRs can complement corresponding As-sensitive mutations, indicating that PcACR2 and PcACR3 encode functional proteins that can perform, respectively, iAsV reduction and membrane iAsIII transport tasks in As-hyperaccumulating Albo-lineata.
DOI: 10.1016/j.ecoenv.2021.112196
Autoři z ÚEB: Milan Pavlík, Veronika Zemanová