Lycopene β-cyclase expression influences plant physiology, development and metabolism in tobacco plants

Kössler S., Armarego-Marriott T., Tarkowská D., Turečková V., Agrawal S., Mi J., Perez da Sousa L., Schöttler M.A., Schadach A., Fröhlich A., Bock R., Al-Babili S., Ruf S., Sampathkumar A., Moreno J.C.

Klíčová slova: β-carotene, biomass, carotenoids, lycopene β -cyclase, Nicotiana tabacum cv Petit Havana, photosynthesis, phytohormones, RNAi, transplastomic
Abstrakt: Carotenoids are important isoprenoids produced in the plastids of photosynthetic organisms that play key roles in photoprotection and antioxidative processes. β-carotene is generated from lycopene by the lycopene β-cyclase (LCYB). Previously, we demonstrated that the introduction of the Daucus carota (carrot) DcLCYB1 gene into tobacco (cultivar Xanthi) resulted in increased levels of abscisic acid (ABA) and especially gibberellins (GAs), resulting in increased plant yield. In order to understand this phenomenon prior exporting this genetic strategy to crops, we generated tobacco (cultivar Petit Havana) mutants that exhibited a wide range of LCYB expression. Transplastomic plants expressing DcLCYB1 at high levels showed a wild-type-like growth, even though their pigment content was increased, and their leaf GA content was reduced. RNAi NtLCYB lines showed different reductions in NtLCYB transcript abundance, correlating with reduced pigment content and plant variegation. Photosynthesis (leaf absorptance, Fv/Fm, and ETRII) and plant growth were impaired. Remarkably, drastic changes in phytohormone content also occurred in the RNAi lines. However, external application of phytohormones was not sufficient to rescue their phenotypes, suggesting that altered photosynthetic efficiency might be another important factor explaining their reduced biomass. These results show that LCYB expression influences plant biomass by different mechanisms and suggests thresholds for LCYB expression levels that might be beneficial/detrimental for plant growth.
DOI: 10.1093/jxb/erab029 Autoři z ÚEB: Danuše Tarkowská