Positive impact of vermicompost leachate on salt stress resistance in tomato (Solanum lycopersicum L.) at the seedling stage: a phytohormonal approach

Benazzouk S., Dobrev P.I., Djazouli Z.-E., Motyka V., Lutts S.
PLANT SOIL 446: 145-162, 2020

Klíčová slova: Biostimulants, phytohormones, salinity, Solanum lycopersicum, vermicompost
Abstrakt: Background and aim Vermicompost leachate (VCL) produced by earthworms is a valuable biostimulant but its hormonal impact on salt-treated plants remains elusive. Methods Plants of Solanum lycopersicum L. were cultivated in nutrient solution and exposed during 7 days to 125 mM NaCl in the presence or absence of VCL (18 mL.L−1). Mineral nutrition, water and hormonal status were quantified in roots, young and old leaves and analyzed in relation to phytohormone content of VCL. Results VCL improved plant growth and reduced Na+ accumulation in salt-stressed plants. It delayed senescence in young leaves through a decrease in ethylene synthesis and an increase in proline and anthocyanin contents. VCL contains high amounts of salicylic acid, benzoic acid and aminocyclopropane carboxylic acid (ACC) but low concentrations of jasmonates, cytokinins and proline. VCL did not increase abscisic acid content in salt-stressed plants and did not lead to ACC accumulation while it increased jasmonate accumulation and modified the pattern of cytokinin profile with an increase in dihydrozeatin-types in old leaves and N6-(Δ2- isopentenyl)adenine-types in young ones. Conclusion VCL reduces the impact of salinity on leaf senescence, which is related to its impact on endogenous phytohormones rather than to a passive absorption of exogenous hormonal compounds.
DOI: 10.1007/s11104-019-04361-x
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Autoři z ÚEB: Petre I. Dobrev, Václav Motyka