Helical coiling of metaphase chromatids

Kubalová, I., Câmara, A.S., Cápal, P, Beseda, T., Rouillard, J.-M., Krause, G. M., Holušová, K., Toegelová, H., Himmelbach, A., Stein, N., Houben, A., Doležel, J., Mascher, M., Šimková, H., Schubert, V.
NUCLEIC ACIDS RESEARCH 51: 2641-2654, 2023

Klíčová slova:
Abstrakt: Chromatids of mitotic chromosomes were suggested to coil into a helix in early cytological studies and this assumption was recently supported by chromosome conformation capture (3C) sequencing. Still, direct differential visualization of a condensed chromatin fibre confirming the helical model was lacking. Here, we combined Hi-C analysis of purified metaphase chromosomes, biopolymer modelling and spatial structured illumination microscopy of large fluorescently labeled chromosome segments to reveal the chromonema - a helically-wound, 400 nm thick chromatin thread forming barley mitotic chromatids. Chromatin from adjacent turns of the helix intermingles due to the stochastic positioning of chromatin loops inside the chromonema. Helical turn size varies along chromosome length, correlating with chromatin density. Constraints on the observable dimensions of sister chromatid exchanges further supports the helical chromonema model.
DOI: 10.1093/nar/gkad028
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Autoři z ÚEB: Tomáš Beseda, Petr Cápal, Jaroslav Doležel, Kateřina Holušová, Hana Šimková, Helena Toegelová ...